Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan spot, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan spot is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with around 4.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), more than twice the size of Tucson and one of the largest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. In spite of this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community with the original settler’s crops remaining critical parts of the Phoenix economic climate for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been identified locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic climate. These remained the driving forces of the city until right after Globe War II, when substantial-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning created Phoenix’s sizzling summers more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population development price more than a forty–12 months period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development price slowed in the course of the Excellent Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.