New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish positioned along the Mississippi River in the southeastern area of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a main port, New Orleans is regarded an financial and business hub for the broader Gulf Coast area of the United States.
New Orleans is planet-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, special dialect, new orleans escorts and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most special” in the United States, owing in big portion to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was as soon as the territorial capital of French Louisiana before becoming traded to the United States in the Louisiana Buy of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the greatest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until finally soon after Globe War II. The city’s location and flat elevation have historically created it quite vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have put in a complicated program of levees and drainage pumps in an hard work to protect the city.
New Orleans was severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding much more than 80% of the city, 1000’s of deaths, and so a lot displacement because of damaged communities and lost housing as to result in a population decline of in excess of 50%. Considering that Katrina, main redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Concerns about gentrification, new residents buying home in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.